Within the OSCE, the United States of America (further: U.S) remains the largest and most consistent financial contributor, providing over €35 million for projects across the organization in the field of SALW and SCA between 2004 and 2021. This funding has been provided through the U.S foreign assistance programmes, including contributions to international security assistance. These funds aim to “further U.S interests around the world by ensuring that coalition partners and friendly foreign governments are equipped and trained to work toward common security goals and share burdens in joint missions”.
The United States Department of State (DoS) leads foreign policy through diplomacy, advocacy and assistance. The Department of State consists of numerous bureaus, offices and departments as well as the delegation to the OSCE (USOSCE) and embassies in participating States, each with its funding available and priorities areas that are relevant and advantageous to the SALW and SCA portfolio. These different departments offer technical, financial and ‘soft’ resources. Besides DoS, there are many relevant agencies and channels of funding available for SALW / SCA projects, each with their conditions.